The connectors on EVs and charging stations are the key to creating an efficient, safe, and convenient EV charging experience. Understanding the different types of connectors and standards is crucial for EV owners, charging station providers and installers, and policymakers. This article will explore the different EV charger connectors on the market, how they work, what they’re used for, and much more.
Level 2 DC Charger Connectors
EV drivers have to deal with numerous EV charger connector standards when it comes to traveling across the country or globe for business, vacation, or just a road trip. While a standard J1772 plug is common for Level 2 charging at home and at some public chargers in North America, many automakers use the CCS or CHAdeMO connectors for fast DC charging (and there are even adapters that let you switch between those two).
Meanwhile, Europe uses the three-pin Type 2 plug commonly known as “Mennekes” to connect to charging stations. These connectors are capable of up to 43 kW public charging and 22 kW home charging, which is significantly faster than the single-phase Type 1 plug found in North America and Japan. And in the future, we can expect ultra-fast 900 kW connectors that will allow EVs to travel at high speeds. While it’s likely that most EVs will be equipped with one of the two current DC standards, it’s also important for drivers to know which plugs are compatible when planning to charge outside their home zone. EV Charger Connectors